Pada tahun 628 Nabi Muhammad SAW mengeluarkan Piagam Anugerah kepada biarawan St. Catherine Monastery di Mt. Sinai. Berisi beberapa klausul yang melingkupi aspek-aspek hak asasi manusia termasuk perlindungan bagi umat Kristen, kebebasan beribadah dan bergerak, kebebasan untuk menunjuk hakim-hakim dan menjaga property mereka, pembebasan dari wajib militer, dan hak untuk dilindungi dalam perang.
Image of Patent from Prophet Muhammad to the Christians of St. Catherine’s Monastery, Mt. Sinai
Berikut ini terjemahan dalam bahasa Inggris atas dokumen tersebut:
“This is a message from Muhammad ibn Abdullah, as a covenant to those who adopt Christianity, near and far, we are with them.
Verily I, the servants, the helpers, and my followers defend them, because Christians are my citizens; and by Allah! I hold out against anything that displeases them.
No compulsion is to be on them.
Neither are their judges to be removed from their jobs nor their monks from their monasteries.
No one is to destroy a house of their religion, to damage it, or to carry anything from it to the Muslims’ houses.
Should anyone take any of these, he would spoil God’s covenant and disobey His Prophet. Verily, they are my allies and have my secure charter against all that they hate.
No one is to force them to travel or to oblige them to fight.
The Muslims are to fight for them.
If a female Christian is married to a Muslim, it is not to take place without her approval. She is not to be prevented from visiting her church to pray.
Their churches are to be respected. They are neither to be prevented from repairing them nor the sacredness of their covenants.
No one of the nation (Muslims) is to disobey the covenant till the Last Day (end of the world).”